Woman is the builder and moulder of a nation’s destiny. Because it has been experimented more than once that though delicate and soft as lily. But she has a heart stronger and bolder than that of her male counter part. Many women have proved themselves more dynamic, more vibrant and more sincere in many fields than man. These names made both the society and the women folk proud of them.
When our country was under the suffocating thraldom of British rule, our country men were fighting to attain the freedom. The women folk also fought shoulder to shoulder with them.
The second-half of nineteenth century Odisha produced a glittering galaxy of some out standing women, who by their dint of merit glorified our state. In this gallery the name of Rama Devi, Malati Devi and Sarala Devi were imaging women or prominent.
Women participation in a movement against the foreign rule is traced as early as 1817 in the Paika Rebellion of Odisha. Then in the leading role of Jansi Rani Laxmi Bai in the 1857 first war of Independence is striking in the National level. She dedicate her life for the cause of motherland which clearly proves her patriotism and herioc sprit.
In the 20th Century it was after the first world war that an infastrure was created for women’s entry into Indian political horizon. The women leaders like Annie Besanta and Sarojni Naidu emerged as inspirational figure and an initiator for women to join Natinal movement. 1
After the establishment of all India women’s conference women leaders were came to lime light. In Odisha during crucial hour of the Nation a large number of women sacrificed themselves in the alter of mother India’s struggle for freedom and we take their name with great pride and honour. Since1920 responding to the clarion call of Gandhi some Odia women came out of their indoor life and joined the national manistream. 2
Prominent among them were Rama Devi, Malat Devi and Sarala Devi. In this paper an attempt has been made to highlight the role of three stalwarts Odishan women in the National Freedom Movement.