TOURIST PLACES IN MAYURBHANJ : KHICHING AND THE TEMPLE OF KICHAKESWARI

 The concept of Tourism immensely affected the social value structure, fiscal growth, development of cultural integrity and religious pursuits at a great extent from the historical interpretation, it is evident that the 20th century history of Orissa is mainly based on its historical repository such as monuments, Mathas, Tirthas, Temples, Golden beaches, Natural vegetations and enduring hill stations. Such history provides a good deal of platform to the scholars, ideologists, archaeologists, historians to explore the unknown facts and historical significance.

TOURISM AND TOURIST PLACES : 

Tourism is one of such developmental phenomena in 20th century development and discoveries, regarded as a viable means for communities and individuals to earn their livelihood center around tourist places of the country. Now a days, tourism is world’s core competence as lakhs of people are employed in this industry establishing their cultural identity and glory.  In fact, tourism in the present century can not be isolated from history in a state like Orissa, whose historical monuments and heritage has a wealth of attractions.

 That is way the origin and development of tourism in India as well in the state of  Orissa has imence esthetic value with its magnificent monuments like Black Pagoda attract a large number of visitors from all over the world. 

To cap it all the wealth of cultural traditions and indigenous treasures extending over thousand of years, the architectural master pieces, the music, dance, painting, custorns and languages all these go to make Orissa a Tourists paradise. Government initiative has to exploit rich dividends developing the sites as much as it could be, a eye catching point at the first stage then communication and comfort, security and sanitation etc that’s count much.

So, Tourism may consider as a unique strategy firstly. Having the scope to establish, a dominant tourism frontier, all the historical monuments i.e. Tirthas, caves, mathas should be given top priority in the tourism sector.

Secondly, Tourism needs the motivation programme among the people of the society regarding the notified tourists sites with historical significance, socio-cultural and religious importance, education, economic, possibilities, bearing and literature etc.

Thirdly, stress upon the improvement of communication skill of English Language.

The above mentioned discussion reveals that tourism in fact, a community requirement and thus, felt quite essential in 20th century history of Orissa. Tourism in 20th century is able to eliminate poverty, illiteracy, unemployment and crime, expansion of education and minimization of economic differentiation, procuring of primary civil facilities, such as drinking water, electricity and medical care, social integration, elimination of communalism, strengthening of nationalism are the preliminaries to strengthen the collectivity.

IDENTIFIED TOURIST PLACES OF MAYURBHANJ:

The district is land locked and hilly, located between 850.40’ to 870.11’ East longitude and 210.16’ to 220.34’ North latitude is the largest district of Orissa covering 10,418 square kms and around 6.68% of the total geographical area of the state. Evidence represent antiquity of the district since the prehistory times with anicient Paleolithic human occupation to the period of rulling Bhanja Dynasty with unbroken succession until it merged with the state of Orissa in 1949. 

The dense forest and mountain ranges of the district heaped upon each other in noble masses of rock from 3 thousand to nearly 4000 feet high, countless tributaries have a charm of their own. Rich resources in their virgin glory with captivating scenery, with animals and plants flourishing in their natural habitant still stands as a place of the tourist attraction. 

TABLE -1

State Identified Tourist Places 

Sl.No. Tourist Places Nature and Importance

1 Baripada District Headquarters e strategic point to visit the places of Tourist interest in the district.

2 Bangriposi Strategic point scenic spot- Hills & forest.

3 Bhimakunda Scenic spot-charming sight on river Vaitarani.

4 Bisoi Scenic spot.

5 Deokunda Waterfall

6 Haripur Historical site.

7 Jamsala Welcome point

8 Jasipur Entry point to similpal.

9 Khiching Religious Centre-shrine of Goddess Kichakeswari

10 Kuchai Historical site.

11 Kuliana Historical site.

12 Manatri Religious centre-shrine of lord Baidyanath

13 Rairangpur Stragegic point

14 Similpal National park

15 Samiburkhya Religious center & scenic spot.

16 Suleipat Scentic spot- water reservoir.

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KHICHING  AND THE TEMPLE OF KICHAKESWARI :

Khiching is one of the state identified tourist centers of Mayurbhanj famous for Goddess Kichakeswari, the temple named after her. The Kichakeswari temple at Khiching of Mayurbhanj District is a burning magnificent example. The most important  Sakta Centre in northern Odisha is Khiching which has earned its famed for its goddess Kichakeswari, the patron the deity of the Bhanja rulers of Mayurbhanja. 

The name Khiching is a corruption of Khijjing or Khijjingakotta, the capital of the early Bhanja rulers. It is one of the sub-centures of Orissa art. Most of the ancient religious monuments of Mayurbhanja are centred in and around Khiching. It was the centure of art and architecture as the area has several exquisite temples and monuments. The architectural and sculptural ruins from this site is an indication of being major centres of civilization around the 8th to 12th century AD. Kms from Karanjia, a sub-divisional headquarter of the present Mayurbhanj district, 250 Km from Balasore, 350 Km. from Bhubaneswar & 150 Km. from Baripada in the Mayurbhanj district of North Odisha. 

There is a good road network ceonnecting it to all these places and regular tourist buses are available. The large temple of the town is dedicated to Kichakeswari, the family goddess of the ruling chiefs of mayurbhanj. Rich in architectural splender and exquisite beauty chiseled on its outer surface, it is the most impressive monument of Khiching and under state protected monuments of Orissa.  The present kichakeswari temple, originally dating back ti the seventh or eighth century A.D. was reconstructed from the ruins of an earlier temple in the early 20th century.

KICHAKESWARI : THE SCULPTURAL IDENTITY

The temple is dedicated to Goddess Kichakeswari who is represented by an image of 8 armed chamunda with prominent veins, ribs and sunkenbelly wearing a garland of skulls as in other Chamunda figures. Devi Chamunda in sculptures belong to Saptamatruka group of deities, the other being Brahmi, Mahesvari, Indrani, Vaishnavi, Varahi and Kumari in Shakta beliefs. 

The monuments of Khiching represent one of the highest points of the Orissan sculpture tradition. It combined a highly original esthetic sense with extraordinary craftsmanship. The temple at sculptures of the place are all found in blue fine growined chlorite, which is more enduring in nature and conducive for receiving fine ornamentation. The iconograpical evidences suggest that under the early Bhanja rules Khiching was prosperous town where Brahmanism, Buddhism and Jainism flowrished side by side.

TOURIST IMPORTANCE AND VALUE :

In Oriya literature, Kabibara Radhanatha Ray has mentioned in his monumental work “ The Chilika” like “Sundara Truptira Abasada Nahi, Jete Dekhuthile Nua Disuthai.” It means the lake Chilika of Orissa is the biggest one, and deals with the recent development of tourism like oceanic tourism. 

In ancient as well as in medieval period the tourists primarily visited to the court and Darbars of the kings, Nawabs and Sultans. Hence it can be said that history is to be considered as one of the soul of knowledge, since the monuments which testify man’s efforts through visual media. 

To support to this nation, a number of historical sources provide adequate information regarding the earliest origin of  tourism, such as the “ India” of megha thenese, the “Arthasastra” of Koutilya, the inscriptions of Ashok and the “Manusamhita” of Manu-the ancient law givers and others.

There are so many tourism sectors now appeared in the pages of social sciences as cultural tourism, religious tourism, health tourism, medicines tourism, eco-tourism, rural tourism, tribal tourism, mountaineering tourism, corporatize tourism etc. Each and every tourism, sector generally acts upon a particular aspect of the society, where the social orders are being changed in a new look and inter pretation. With coming of the emerging trend of touris, the social, cultural, religious and economic life of the people of Orissa become more accelerate rather their traditional thoughts and beliefs, mode of action and livelighood.

The historical monuments of the state are contributing a major share to the states economy as the mode of tourists attraction. Rural trourism is not the end but a means to stimulate economic growth to increase the living standard of the rural people. Rural Tourism has the potential to the most vibrating strategy of regional economic development. With coming of Rural Tourism the people of the rural areas could have been able to change to improve their livelihood in the field of education, particularly the western language like English, French and the national language Hindi, clothes, food habits preparation of fast foods, western thought of merrymaking etc.

There are 72 Jaina monuments, 67 Budhist sites, 195 Vaishnav shrines, which made Orissa a living museum and in true sense a “ tourists paradise”.

The people of Orissa observes a series of festivals, as a means of tourists attractions, such as the Konark Festival, Puri sea beach festival, Dhauli Mahostava, Bali Jatra Ethi Khandagiri mela, Daya Mahostava, Kathajodi Mahostava and district wise mahostava celebration, Nuakhai festival, Dhanuyatra etc.

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